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Poomse Handouts
Korean Terminology (369KB; PDF) - Common terms used during class in Hangul and English with phonetic spelling.

The PDFs for the Taeguek poomse are now only available for club members.
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Martial Arts Papers

Instruction and Teaching

Mechanisms of Motor Learning And Martial Arts Instruction
Searching for Taekwondo's Identity: A Proposal for an Analytical Framework
Toward a Broader Taekwondo Curriculum: A Structured Incorporation of Basic Falls, Joint Locks, and Throws

 

Sport and Competition

An Examination of the Influence of Sport and Sparring in Taekwondo

International Politics and the Modern Olympic Movement
NOTE: Revised and updated with much more new content and research material.

Sport in the Martial Arts Curriculum
Successful Tournament Management

 

Medical

How Can Martial Arts Benefit the Disabled?
The Physical and Psychological Benefits of Martial Arts Training
The Physiology of Meditation

 

Philosophy and Religion

Beyond the Taekwondo Dojang
A Detailed Analysis of Jeet Kune Do: The Adverse Effect of a Limited Interpretation of the Martial Arts on Novice Practitioners
Reconciling Martial Arts with Christianity

 
Instruction and Teaching

Mechanisms of Motor Learning And Martial Arts Instruction
by Khawer "Kavi" Massood
“This paper presents a study of mechanisms of motor learning in the context of martial arts...While it is difficult to generalize a given study or set of theories to all martial arts and their students, a few underlying principles and guidelines are presented here to help instructors prepare their students to perform an activity consistently well, and under pressure.”
 

Searching for Taekwondo's Identity: A Proposal for an Analytical Framework
by Master Brian J. Wright
“Central to the issue of taekwondo”s identity is its technical content. As a manifestation of physical culture, taekwondo exists as it is practiced, and must be taught to new generations of practitioners for its survival. Effective instruction and transmission presupposes a defined curriculum — whether to call that curriculum ‘art’ or ‘sport’ is of secondary importance...to label taekwondo with such terms only describes perceived purposes of training, and distracts from taekwondo”s more fundamental essence as a method of training and a set of skills.”
 

Toward a Broader Taekwondo Curriculum: A Structured Incorporation of Basic Falls, Joint Locks, and Throws
by Master Brian Wright and Charles L. Thornton
“The dichotomy in taekwondo competition between techniques allowed in full-contact sparring under the current rules and techniques suitable for solo poomse performance has ensured that certain important skills such as falling, throwing, and joint manipulation are completely absent in most curricula...besides being a useful alternative and enhancement to kicks and strikes, practicing joint locks and throws drives home the universal meaning of 'martial arts': that is, a physically weaker person overcoming a stronger aggressor by virtue of superior technical skill.”
 

 
Sport and Competition

An Examination of the Influence of Sport and Sparring in Taekwondo
by Rexon Ryu
Many people believe that “the rapid expansion of competitive sparring, gyoroogi, has placed too heavy an emphasis on winning vs. losing and pure physical development, reducing taekwondo from a martial art to a mere sport¬°¬™devoid of spiritual, moral or ethical value.” Instead, “sport and sparring in taekwondo enrich the philosophical basis of taekwondo by challenging taekwondo martial artists to finely develop the skills and abilities which define martial spirit.”
 

International Politics and the Modern Olympic Movement
by Charles L. Thornton
“Contrary to the lofty ideals established by the founders of the modern Olympic Games, national political ideologies and international political confrontations have tainted what should have been purely athletic contests among the finest athletes of each sport. Though political conflicts may always be a part of international sport, there is hope in the changing world order, and it may be the athletes themselves who help foster friendly and peaceful competition among nations.”
 

Sport in the Martial Arts Curriculum
by Charles A. Buhs
“The incorporation of sport into the practice of martial arts is a particularly sensitive and divisive issue and one that is difficult to adequately resolve.” However, “competition provides a forum to challenge and exceed performance standards and forge the inner qualities of resolve and character. In this medium, the martial artist can blend spiritual development and sportsmanship into an active, vital source of self-improvement and enlightenment through the actual utilization of martial skills.”
 

Successful Tournament Management
by Charles A. Buhs
“When every contingency associated with a tournament is planned for, [the tournament] runs much smoother and with fewer problems [allowing coaches and competitors to] concentrate entirely on their preparation, warmups, and matches. By following these guidelines, the tournament committee will achieve the ultimate goal of providing the competitors with the optimal conditions for outstanding performances.”
 

 
Medical

How Can Martial Arts Benefit the Disabled?
by Gregory Lichtenthal
“There are numerous medical and therapeutic benefits from martial arts. Only those that are involved and part-take in martial arts can offer insight as to the deeper value that martial arts can bring to the public and especially to the disabled. Countless foundations are spurring up each year to offer disabled individuals the chance to utilize martial arts any way they see fit in a positive way. This may be to better their lives by learning a form of self-defense or by helping themselves in the rehabilitation process if needed.”
 

The Physical and Psychological Benefits of Martial Arts Training
by Adam Paul Swiercz
“Studies have verified that properly practiced marital arts can bring about positive physical and psychological changes...However, there is much to be learned about how these changes are produced. The Asian martial arts have turned out to be more than just tools for self-defense. They have developed into systems that not only protect the practitioner from attackers, but also from poor physical and psychological health.”
 

The Physiology of Meditation
by Julia Jooyoung Shin, M.D.
“Eastern philosophers have known for centuries that the practice of meditation allows the human mind to transcend thinking processes into a state of thoughtless awareness. Given the complicated structure of the brain, with its multitude of neurons, infinite possibilities of synaptic connections, and numerous chemical mediators, this transcendent state may one day have a physiological explanation.”
 

 
Philosophy and Religion

Beyond the Taekwondo Dojang
by Rexon Ryu
“In the context of my taekwondo training and my introspective search for these ties and bonds that link taekwondo to me and to my personal and professional endeavors, this paper seeks to examine the commonalities, contrasts and tensions between two seemingly disparate fields: taekwondo and public policy.”
 

A Detailed Analysis of Jeet Kune Do: The Adverse Effect of a Limited Interpretation of the Martial Arts on Novice Practitioners
by Charles A. Buhs
“The zealous fan often becomes so enraptured with Lee”s rather unique ideas that he foregoes the study of any other source of insight and consequently retards his overall development in the martial arts...Unfortunately, the lack of both enough accredited instructors and, of course, the originator creates a significant void of knowledgeable persons to fully explain this fascinating art to the multitude of eager fans.”
 

Reconciling Martial Arts with Christianity
by Sooyoung Kim
“Engagement in [martial arts] training will inevitably expose each practitioner to concepts taken directly taken from [different] religions, especially Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Given these ties, can martial arts be compatible with those deeply committed to Christianity?”

 
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